Hole is an American rock band that formed in Los Angeles, California in 1989 by vocalist, lyricist, and rhythm guitarist Courtney Love, and lead guitarist Eric Erlandson. The band had a revolving line-up of bassists and drummers, their most prolific being drummer Patty Schemel, and bassists Kristen Pfaff (d. 1994) and Melissa Auf der Maur. Initially part of Los Angeles' indie rock scene, the band released singles on Sympathy for the Record Industry and Sub Pop before collaborating with Kim Gordon for their debut album, Pretty on the Inside (1991). After signing with Geffen Records in 1993, the band released the critically and commercially successful Live Through This (1994), and Celebrity Skin (1998), the latter of which garnered them four Grammy nominations. The group officially disbanded in 2002 and its members pursued other projects. In 2009, Hole was reformed by Love with new members, despite Erlandson's claim that the reformation breached a mutual contract he had with Love. The reformed band released the album Nobody's Daughter (2010), but Love announced in 2012 that she was returning to a solo career, and declared that "Hole is dead". However, on December 29, 2013, NME and Time magazine published articles concerning photographs Love posted of herself with Eric Erlandson on Facebook, with captions alluding that the two had reconciled. In April 2014, Love confirmed in an interview with BBC that she was writing new material and that a reunion was being planned, which would include herself, Erlandson, Auf der Maur, and Schemel. Love although denied the statement in an interview in the following days.  With Love's lyrics explicitly discussing issues of identity, body image, and sexual exploitation, the band has been noted by scholars and critics as having been the most high-profile musical group of the 1990s to openly and directly discuss feminism in their songs. They also gained considerable media coverage due to Love's reckless, uninhibited live performances and rocky personal life. Despite Love's controversial reputation in the media, Hole went on to become one of the most successful female-fronted rock bands in history, having sold over 3 million records in the United States alone.